How to File LLC Taxes in Vermont? (Step by Step Guide)

Jon Morgan
Published by Jon Morgan | Co-Founder & Chief Editor
Last updated: April 11, 2024
Methodology
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Navigating the complex world of Vermont LLC taxes can be a daunting task. Therefore, understanding the requirements and information you need to stay compliant is essential.

We've consulted with our team of LLC specialists with over 15 years of experience in the business sector and taxes to provide you with accurate and up-to-date information on Vermont LLC taxes.

We'll cover everything from state and federal taxes to other taxes that may apply to your LLC.

Quick Summary

  • To file LLC taxes in Vermont you must understand your company's tax classification and file the required paperwork with the IRS.
  • Vermont LLCs are subject to various state and federal taxes, including income tax, self-employment tax, employment taxes, and Business Entity Tax (BET).
  • Vermont LLCs that are taxed as C-corporations are subject to corporate income tax rates of up to 8.5%.
  • Drawing from my experience, I recommend seeking professional advice from an experienced accountant to ensure the accurate filing of LLC taxes in compliance with regulations.


How Are LLCs Taxed in Vermont?

Searching how LLCs are taxed in Vermont

LLCs in Vermont are taxed based on their tax classification. By default, LLCs in Vermont are taxed as pass-through entities.

The LLC's profits and losses are passed to the member's personal tax returns. The members are then taxed on their share of the profits or losses, regardless of whether they are distributed to them.

Vermont's LLC tax regulations stand out from neighboring states, shaping a unique business landscape.

Like any other business, Vermont LLCs are subject to diverse tax obligations at the state and federal levels, reflecting the state's commitment to supporting its business community.

These obligations may include income tax returns, sales tax, and the Business Entity Tax (BET) [1].

Federally, Vermont LLCs encounter a range of taxes, including income tax, self-employment tax, and employment taxes, where accurate quantification can help assess the impact on an LLC's financial operations [2].

State Taxes for Vermont LLCs

Writing Vermont LLC taxes

Vermont LLCs have different tax requirements at the state level based on their business structure.

1. Single-Member LLC

Single-member LLCs in Vermont are subject to taxation as sole proprietorships at the state level, meaning their income is taxed as personal income [3].

2. Multi-Member LLC

For multi-member LLCs in Vermont, the tax structure is similar to that of partnerships. Each member must report their share of the LLC's income on their personal income tax return.

For our company, all multi-member LLCs filed a 1065 Partnership Return, which outlines the share of profits for each member [4].

Additionally, a Schedule K-1 form is used to report each owner's share of profits in the partnership.

3. LLCs taxed as S-corp

If your Vermont LLC elects to be taxed as an S-corporation, it must have a business tax account, pay the Business Entity Tax (BET), and file an S-corp tax return.

S-corp taxation provides certain advantages for businesses, such as potentially lower LLC tax rates and the ability to pass profits directly to shareholders, avoiding double taxation [5].

4. LLCs taxed as C-corp

Vermont LLCs electing to be taxed as C-corporations are subject to corporate income tax rates and filing requirements. To elect C-corp taxation, the LLC must submit IRS Form 2553 to the IRS [6].

Drawing from personal experience, C-corp taxation may benefit larger employers, such as cost savings on healthcare fringe benefits. Vermont LLCs taxed as C-corporations must also file Form CD-411 to remit the corporate tax.

Federal Taxes for Vermont LLCs

Writing signature on contract for Vermont LLC federal taxes

At the federal level, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) classifies single-member LLCs as Disregarded Entities for tax purposes, meaning the LLC does not pay federal income taxes – only the members do.

"The single-member LLC owner is liable for completing the federal income tax filing. They must ensure this task is completed annually."

- Delina Yasmeh, J.D./Tax LL.M, Distinguished Expert in Mergers & Acquisitions

In contrast, multi-member LLCs can elect to be taxed as an S-corporation or C-corporation by filing Form 2553 with the IRS.

Drawing from my firsthand experience, this elective status changes how the LLC is treated for tax purposes, potentially providing tax-saving opportunities.

Other Taxes

Pointing where to write in other taxes

In addition to state and federal taxes, Vermont LLCs might also be subject to filing other LLC business taxes depending on their business activities and structure.

1. Business Entity Tax (BET)

All Vermont LLCs are subject to the Business Entity Tax (BET), a flat tax of $250 that must be remitted annually [7].

The BET, also known as the business tax, is imposed by the Vermont Department of Taxes for the privilege of conducting business within Vermont.

Our Vermont company pays this tax annually, regardless of the LLC's income or activity.

2. Sales Tax License and Compliance

If your LLC sells goods to customers in Vermont, you must collect and remit sales tax. To do this, you must register with the Vermont Department of Taxation and then pay sales tax. 

With a sales tax rate of 6% in Vermont, LLCs engaging in sales transactions can gauge the tangible effect on their revenue.

Tax-Deductibles for an LLC in Vermont

Calculating tax deductibles for an LLC in Vermont

Drawing from my experience navigating the various taxes applicable to your Vermont LLC, it's important to remember the LLC tax deductions available to minimize your tax liability.

Tax-deductible expenses for an LLC in Vermont may include:

  • Business expenses such as rent, utilities, and office supplies
  • Employee wages and benefits
  • Advertising and marketing expenses
  • Professional fees for services such as legal and accounting
  • Insurance premiums
  • Travel and transportation expenses related to business activities

If you require specialized advice regarding tax deductions for your Vermont LLC, I recommend seeking counsel from a tax specialist.

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FAQs

Do I Have to Pay an Annual Fee for My LLC in Vermont?

Yes, you have to pay an annual fee for your LLC in Vermont. The annual fee of $35 is due on the anniversary of the LLC's formation date and can be paid online or by mail.

Do I Need To File A Vermont State Tax Return For My LLC?

Yes, you need to file a Vermont state tax return for your LLC, depending on you tax classification and business activities. You can file and pay taxes using the myVTax platform, the free online filing site provided by the Vermont Department of Taxes.

References:

  1. https://tax.vermont.gov/business/business-entity-income-tax
  2. https://tax.vermont.gov/tax-law-and-guidance/compliance-corner
  3. https://www.vermonttreasurer.gov/sites/treasurer/files/debt/pdf/Vermont_GO_2010E_OS_Citizen_%28final_maturity_2020_08-15%29.pdf
  4. https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/llc-filing-as-a-corporation-or-partnership
  5. https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/s-corporations
  6. https://www.irs.gov/forms-pubs/about-form-2553
  7. https://tax.vermont.gov/business/business-entity-income-tax

About The Author

Co-Founder & Chief Editor
Jon Morgan, MBA, LLM, has over ten years of experience growing startups and currently serves as CEO and Editor-in-Chief of Venture Smarter. Educated at UC Davis and Harvard, he offers deeply informed guidance. Beyond work, he enjoys spending time with family, his poodle Sophie, and learning Spanish.
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Growth & Transition Advisor
LJ Viveros has 40 years of experience in founding and scaling businesses, including a significant sale to Logitech. He has led Market Solutions LLC since 1999, focusing on strategic transitions for global brands. A graduate of Saint Mary’s College in Communications, LJ is also a distinguished Matsushita Executive alumnus.
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